Briquette coconut – The natural wealth in the form of the oil palm that thrives in Indonesia is constantly being explored and developed for its use. Roots, stems, leaves, fruits, and flowers are used in human life but are still being studied to optimize their use. For example, coconut fiber, which is sometimes left as waste that can only be burned, can be optimized for use in charcoal that is formed into briquettes.
Until now, charcoal briquettes are used for household, commercial and industrial purposes. Compared to wood charcoal, briquette coconut is simpler and cleaner, so people are more interested in using them. In this study, the production of coconut shell charcoal briquettes with wheat flour as an adhesive was investigated. The size of charcoal particles and the concentration of glue greatly affect the quality of the produced briquettes.
Coal powder is mixed with glue in different concentrations, then shaped and baked. Using a 1:1 ratio of charcoal weight to volume of glue, the results obtained were quite good with a charcoal particle size of 40 mesh and a glue concentration of 3%. With this condition, briquettes were obtained with a moisture content of 1.71%, an ash content of 1.5%, and a burning rate of 0.054 grams/minute.
The Process of Making Briquette Coconut Shells
Manual control of the barrel of the carbonation process:
- Place the coconut in the barrel.
- Then cook closed until only small holes remain in the coal barrel.
Carbonization by pyrolysis
- Place the coconut shell in a closed container for pyrolysis.
- In addition, the smoke plumes condense into liquid smoke.
Flouring Process: charcoal subjected to manual combustion or according to the pyrolysis process is then pulverized using a disc grinder.
In the filtration process: after passing through the charcoal grinding process, filtration is carried out to obtain softer and smoother coconut shell charcoal. The trick is to strain it through a 50 mesh sieve.
In a mixing medium: the flattened coconut shell flour is then mixed with water and starch glue with a starch glue dosage of up to 2.5% coconut shell flour.
Forming coconut briquettes: after that mix all the ingredients well and shape them using a molding machine.
Drying Process: the last drying of the briquettes that are printed in an oven at 650 degrees C for about 2 hours, this drying can also use direct sunlight.
This is the end of the article that talks about the process of making briquette coconut shells and how to light charcoal briquettes for cooking or cooking food. I hope the information provided is easy to understand and useful for readers, thank you.